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5 Scrum Artifacts Provide Transparency

Scrum is a flexible methodology designed to help teams in an organization finish projects more quickly in an agile setting. The product and software development teams may successfully manage their work with the aid of Scrum artifacts. Scrum artifacts boost team productivity in the era of digital workspaces.

The Scrum Alliance offers an introductory course called CSPO Classroom Training. This CSPO training is intended for groups and people who are interested in thoroughly understanding the project goal, the product backlog, and tracking the development team’s progress. We’ll go into more detail about scrum artifacts and how to use them in our universal agile blog.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is an Agile development approach that creates products or apps through iterative and progressive methods. It’s an advancement of agile management.

The Agile Methodology will now be briefly introduced. Throughout the project’s development life cycle, iteration is encouraged continuously by the agile methodology, development, and testing strategy. So that viable software or apps can be built and distributed more quickly, the project is broken up into smaller, more manageable pieces.

A component of the Agile Methodology is Scrum. Its method is based on a list of specific tasks and actions that must be carried out to develop the items. By reprioritizing critical activities and releasing the software in shorter, faster cycles while enabling the team to learn and develop, Scrum aids teams in adapting to the changing requirements of the user.

Now, Scrum is commonly managed in short-term units called sprints. The scrum team is required to complete a set of tasks during a sprint, which typically lasts between two and four weeks. One Sprint is used to complete and release each version of the final product. Each Sprint offers a complete outcome because it is a separate creature. When necessary, a client will receive an iteration or version of the finished product along with a predetermined amount of work completed.

How do Scrum Artifacts work?

The term “scrum artifact” refers to a body of data used by a scrum team to specify the product or service that is built, the steps required to create it, and the activities necessary throughout the development process. The performance of a sprint is detailed in the scrum artifact. 

Because they support fundamental scrum principles like transparency, inspection, and adaptation, scrum artifacts are crucial for scrum teams. This is crucial since it allows remote teams, some of whom may work from home, a platform to track their progress throughout a given sprint. This keeps everyone in sync, no matter where they are.

Scrum relies on small, cross-functional teams that can work independently to finish projects. For this to occur, the scrum team’s knowledge of the task at hand must be unanimous. Scrum artifacts are relevant in this case. 

The team’s progress toward the sprint goal is guided by the Scrum artifacts. Scrum artifacts continue to record the crucial information the team needs at different checkpoints to obtain the final results, even when significant or last-minute changes take place. We’ll now discuss how scrum artifacts can be useful.

The five pillars of Scrum

The five scrum artifacts—product vision, product backlog, sprint vision, sprint backlog, and product increment play a significant role in enhancing the performance of a scrum team. Let’s now get into more depth about each of the scrum artifacts one by one:

A Product Vision

The broad, long-term goal of your product is described in a product vision, commonly referred to as a product vision statement. Vision statements are aspirational and describe in plain terms the direction and long-term goals of the product.

The mission statement should serve as a roadmap and reminder for all parties involved in the development of a product, such as the product team, development, executive staff, marketing, and others so that they are all aware of the overall objective they are trying to accomplish with it.

Your vision statement should also explain why the product is being developed as well as what the company hopes to accomplish in the future with it.

Your team can create your product from the top down by developing a vision. To put it simply, you start with a broad vision statement and translate it into a strategic directive and an implementation strategy known as the product roadmap. The roadmap’s strategic viewpoint is subsequently converted into a tactical development strategy.

The Product Backlog

The Product Backlog serves as the sole source of requirements for any product adjustments. It is an ordered list of characteristics that must be present in the finished product.

All of the features, functionalities, requirements, enhancements, and fixes that will be included in the product in upcoming updates are listed in the product backlog. Items in the product backlog have the following attributes: a description, an order, a value, and an estimate. User Stories are the popular name for them. The Product Owner is responsible for the availability, ordering, and content of the Product Backlog.

An ongoing process is a product backlog. The criteria that were initially identified and best understood may be present in the earliest version of it. The Product Backlog evolves together with the product and the context in which it will be used. The Product Backlog is always changing to contain the elements required to make it useful. A product’s product backlog continues to exist indefinitely.

Sprint Vision

The team’s goals for an Agile sprint are summarized in the sprint vision. It is a time-bound, quantifiable goal that the team and the Product Owner have specified.

However, sprint vision and goals are not necessarily expressed as artifacts. It is an essential component of the scrum architecture. The scrum team creates sprint vision before beginning to plan a sprint. It explains to the scrum team why they are spending their time, money, and effort on Sprint.

Sprint Backlog

The Product Backlog items selected for the Sprint are included in the Sprint Backlog, along with a strategy for delivering product increments and attaining the Sprint Goal. The functionality that will be included in the upcoming increment and the work necessary to deliver it as a usable product is projected by the team.

Sprint Backlog is a detailed plan that the team may track in the Daily Scrum. The team modifies the Sprint Backlog as Sprint progresses. This emergence occurs as the team executes the plan. Gains additional knowledge about the efforts necessary to accomplish the Sprint Goal.

Product Increment

The most significant scrum artifact is this. The total of all product backlog items completed in a sprint is the product increment. Product increments can be created during each Sprint. They must satisfy the team’s definition of doneness and the product owner’s approval. The increment is the total of all Product Backlog items completed within Sprint and all preceding Sprint increments. At the end of a Sprint, the new increment must be a working product, which implies it must be functional.


Scrum artifacts are crucial resources that help teams operate more productively. Therefore, it is essential for the long-term success of the project that all teams have access to and can view the artifacts. 

Regular evaluation and discussion of artifacts with development teams should be conducted by product managers and scrum master certification. Teams will be helped by this in detecting operational inefficiencies and coming up with fresh ideas to boost output and efficiency.

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