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The Role of Bariatric Surgery in Diabetes Reversal

by Junaid Awan

The effectiveness of bariatric surgery as a treatment for type 2 diabetes, a chronic disease characterised by high blood sugar levels, is growing. An increasing amount of research suggests that bariatric surgeries can greatly improve or even cure the condition, even though the precise mechanisms behind the association between weight loss surgery and diabetes reversal are yet unknown.

Gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric bands are a few of the different types of bariatric surgery. These operations alter the digestive system’s structure in order to promote weight loss, which may therefore reduce sugar levels. While gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy reduce food intake by shrinking the stomach, adjustable gastric banding does so by reducing the size of the stomach’s upper pouch.

The capacity of bariatric surgery to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes is one of the most well-established advantages of the procedure. In fact, bariatric surgery was linked to a 92% decrease in the chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes, according to a comprehensive evaluation of 22 research. Patients with a wide range of ages, body mass indices (BMI), and degrees of glucose intolerance have all seen this effect.

The possibility of bariatric surgery to increase insulin sensitivity, which might result in a drop in blood sugar levels, is another advantage of the procedure. Cells’ capacity to react to insulin and take up glucose from the bloodstream is known as insulin sensitivity. Bariatric surgery can help control blood sugar levels and lessen the need for medication by increasing insulin sensitivity.

One month following the treatment, bariatric surgery’s effects on diabetes reversal can already be felt. One month after having gastric bypass surgery, individuals in one research displayed considerable improvements in their glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and blood sugar levels. In a different study, it was discovered that within a year of the operation, the demand for insulin therapy decreased by 70%.

Additionally, it has been discovered that bariatric surgery benefits other type 2 diabetes-related illnesses like high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Bariatric surgery can enhance overall health and lower the risk of complications related to type 2 diabetes by lowering the risk of these illnesses.

Bariatric surgery has advantages for those with diabetes and other disorders, but it can also result in significant weight loss, which enhances quality of life and lowers the chance of developing other illnesses including heart disease and sleep apnea. According to research, those who underwent bariatric surgery dropped 25% of their body weight on average within a year of the procedure.

Despite the fact that bariatric surgery for diabetes reversal has numerous advantages, it’s crucial to keep in mind that the procedure does not cure the disease. In order to maintain their weight loss and blood sugar management, patients who undergo bariatric surgery will still need to make lifestyle adjustments, follow a balanced diet, and exercise routine.

It’s also crucial to remember that not everyone is a good candidate for bariatric surgery. Only patients with a BMI of 40 or higher, or a BMI of 35 or higher and one or more obesity-related health issues, should think about the surgery. Patients should also be motivated to improve their lifestyles and ready to adhere to a stringent post-operative diet and exercise regimen.

In conclusion, type 2 diabetes can be managed and reversed with the help of bariatric surgery. An increasing amount of research suggests that bariatric surgeries can greatly improve or even cure the condition, even though the precise mechanisms behind the association between weight loss surgery and reversal of diabetes are yet unknown. Patients must first meet the requirements and be ready to make lifestyle adjustments in order to maintain their weight loss before considering the treatment.

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