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Warning Signs Of Liver Failure

by Zain Ali

Liver failure, also known as hepatic failure, is a serious condition characterized by the inability of the liver to perform its vital functions adequately. There are two main types of liver failure: acute liver failure, which develops rapidly over days to weeks, and chronic liver failure, which progresses over months to years. Here are some warning signs and symptoms of liver failure:

Early Signs and Symptoms:

  • Fatigue: Persistent and overwhelming tiredness or lack of energy.
  • Nausea and Loss of Appetite: Feeling nauseous or having a decreased desire to eat.
  • Abdominal Pain: Discomfort or pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, near the liver.
  • Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood.
  • Swelling: Swelling or fluid accumulation in the abdomen (ascites) or legs (edema).
  • Dark Urine: Urine that appears dark yellow or brownish in color.
  • Pale Stools: Stools that are pale, gray, or clay-colored.
  • Easy Bruising and Bleeding: Increased tendency to bruise easily or experience abnormal bleeding.
  • Itchy Skin: Persistent itching, also known as pruritus, often worse at night.
  • Confusion or Mental Changes: Difficulty concentrating, memory problems, confusion, or changes in behavior or personality.

Advanced Signs and Symptoms (Acute Liver Failure):

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy: Decline in brain function due to the liver’s inability to remove toxins from the blood. Symptoms may include confusion, disorientation, agitation, slurred speech, and coma.
  • Bleeding Disorders: Severe coagulopathy (blood clotting disorder) leading to spontaneous bleeding, such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar levels due to impaired glycogen storage and production by the liver. Symptoms may include weakness, dizziness, sweating, and confusion.
  • Ascites Complications: Complications of ascites, such as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (infection of the abdominal fluid) or hepatorenal syndrome (kidney failure due to liver dysfunction).

If you are experiencing these symptoms it is a good idea to get yourself checked by visiting a Hepatologist in karachi.

Signs of Chronic Liver Failure (Cirrhosis):

  • Spider Angiomas: Small, spider-like blood vessels visible on the skin, often on the upper body.
  • Gynecomastia: Enlargement of breast tissue in men due to hormonal changes.
  • Testicular Atrophy: Shrinkage of the testicles in men due to hormonal imbalances.
  • Palmar Erythema: Reddening of the palms of the hands.
  • Dupuytren’s Contracture: Thickening and tightening of the tissue beneath the skin of the palms, causing fingers to bend inward.

It’s important to note that liver failure is a medical emergency and requires immediate medical attention. If you or someone you know experiences any of these warning signs or symptoms, seek prompt evaluation and treatment by a Best Hepatologist in Lahore. Early detection and intervention can improve outcomes and prevent further complications associated with liver failure.

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