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What are the 4 types of JOINs in SQL?

by Uneeb Khan
What are the 4 types of JOINs in SQL?

What are the 4 types of JOINs in SQL?

In SQL, there are four primary types of JOIN operations that allow you to combine data from two or more database tables:


This is the most common type of JOIN. It returns only the rows that have matching values in both the tables being joined. Rows from the tables that do not have a matching entry in the other table are exclud from the result set.


This JOIN returns all the rows from the left table and the matching rows from the right table. If there’s no match in the right table, NULL values are included in the result for the columns from the right table.

RIGHT JOIN (or RIGHT OUTER JOIN): The RIGHT JOIN is the opposite of the LEFT JOIN. It returns all the rows from the right table and the matching rows from the left table. If there’s no match in the left table, NULL values are included in the result for the columns from the left table.


The FULL JOIN returns all the rows from both the left and right tables. If there are matching rows, those are included in the result. If there are no matches in one or both tables, NULL values are included in the result for the missing data.

These JOIN operations are use to combine data from multiple tables in a relational database, allowing you to retrieve and analyze related information. The choice of which type of JOIN to use depends on the specific requirements of your query and the data you want to retrieve and SQL training in Chandigarh.

How do I prepare for SQL interview?

Preparing for an SQL interview can be a significant part of landing a job in roles that require working with databases or data analysis. Here are some steps to help you prepare for an SQL interview:

Understand the Basics

Review the fundamental concepts of SQL, including database design, tables, and key constraints (primary keys, foreign keys).

Be comfortable with SQL data types (e.g., integer, varchar, date), basic SQL commands (SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE), and SQL clauses (WHERE, GROUP BY, ORDER BY).

Practice SQL Queries

Practice writing SQL queries to retrieve, update, and manipulate data.

Work with sample databases or datasets to build your skills.

Learn JOIN Operations

Understand different types of JOINs (INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN, FULL JOIN) and when to use them.

Practice JOIN operations to combine data from multiple tables.

Master Aggregation Functions

Know how to use aggregation functions like COUNT, SUM, AVG, MIN, MAX in combination with GROUP BY.

Subqueries and Derived Tables

Learn how to use subqueries and derived tables in SQL for more complex queries.

Understand Indexing and Performance

Know how indexing works and how to optimize queries for better performance.

Normalization and Database Design

Familiarize yourself with the principles of database normalization and understand the various normal forms (1NF, 2NF, 3NF, etc.).

Database Management Systems (DBMS)

Be aware of the specific DBMS you’ll be using in your job (e.g., MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) and become proficient with its syntax and features.

Problem-Solving and Scenario-Based Questions

Practice answering scenario-based questions that assess your ability to write SQL queries for specific tasks or analyze data.

Online Resources

Utilize online resources, including SQL tutorials, courses, and practice platforms (e.g., LeetCode, HackerRank, SQLZoo).

Mock Interviews:

Conduct mock interviews with a friend or mentor to simulate the interview experience.

Review Your Resume

Be ready to discuss any SQL-related projects or experiences mentioned on your resume.

Behavioral Questions

Prepare for behavioral questions that may be asked in the interview, such as your approach to problem-solving, teamwork, and handling challenging situations.

Ask Questions

Prepare questions to ask the interviewers about the company’s database architecture, data management practices, or any SQL-related challenges they face.

Stay Calm and Confident

During the interview, take your time to think through the questions, and communicate your thought process clearly


After the interview, send a thank-you email to the interviewers to express your interest and appreciation for the opportunity.

Remember that SQL interviews may vary in difficulty and focus depending on the position and the company. Tailor your preparation to the specific job requirements and practice consistently to build your confidence and competence in SQL course in Chandigarh.

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